Wednesday, May 13, 2009


"Lawful & Unlawful" Foods and Ingredients in Islam.

What Is Halal?

"Halal" is a Quranic Term, which means 'Lawful' or ' Permitted'. Sometimes it is translated as 'Acceptable ' or 'Not forbidden'. Halal foods and drinks are permitted for consumption by Allah- the supreme lawgiver. In the
Holy Quran,Allah commands Muslims and all of mankind to eat of the Halal things. Eating Halal is obligatory.
What Is Haram?The opposite of 'Halal' is "Haram", which means 'Unlawful' or 'Prohibited". The other words used for Haram is 'Unacceptable' or 'Forbidden'. Haram foods and drinks are absolutely prohibited for consumption by Allah. Eating Haram is forbidden for every Muslim. If a Muslim consumes Haraam foods, he would be sinful.
What Is Mushbooh?

"Mushbooh" is an Arabic term which means 'doubtful' or 'suspected'. If one does not know the Halal or Haram status of a particular food or drink, such a food or drink is doubtful. A practicing Muslims prevents himself from consuming doubtful things.

The terms Halal and Haram will be used strictly to describe food products, meat products, cosmetics, personal care products, food ingredients, beverages and food contact materials. Which foods are Halal or which foods are Haram, is decided according to the Holy Quran and the Glorious Shari’ah (Islamic Law).Most diets and foods are considered to be Halaal unless Islamic Law specifically prohibits them.
The following products are definitely Halal:

1. Milk (from cows, sheeps, camels or goats).
2. Honey.
3. Fish.
4. Plants which are not intoxicant.
5. Fresh or naturally frozen vegetables.
6. Fresh or dried fruits.
7. Legumes like peanuts, cashew nuts, hazel nuts,walnuts, etc.
8. Grains such as wheat, rice, rye, barley, oat, etc.

Animals such as cows, sheep, goats, deer, moose, chickens, ducks, game birds, etc., are also Halal, but they must be Zabihah (slaughtered according to Islamic Rites) in order to be suitable for consumption. The procedure is as follows: the animal must be slaughtered by a Muslim by putting the animal down on the ground (or holding it if it is small) and slitting it's throat with a very sharp knife to make sure that the main blood vessels are cut. While cutting the throat of the animal without severing it, the person has to recite "Bismillah Allah-u-Akbar".
The following items have been
categorically spelled out as being

1. Pig/Swine/Pork and its by-products.
2. Blood and and blood by-products.
3. Carnivorous animals.
4. Reptiles and insects.
5. Halal animals which are not slaughtered accordingto the Islamic Law.
6. Animals killed in the name of anyone other thanGod.
7. The bodies of dead animals or dead beforeslaughtering.
8. Alcohol and intoxicants such as Wine, EthylAlcohol, and Spirits etc.

The above mentioned items are Haram and should be strictly avoided by all Muslims.

Foods containing ingredients in the following are example of Mushbooh:

1. Gelatin.
2. Enzymes.
3. Emulsifiers.
4. Lard.
5. Glycerol/glycerin etc.

Muslim should avoid such foods containing Mushbooh or questionable ingredients. Before consuming such items, we have to confirm the source of these ingredients.
This guide is intended to help Halal consumers select acceptable food products in the supermarket. Products contain many ingredients in varying quantities, including trace amounts of haram or questionable ingredients. This list includes some of the more common ingredients that must be avoided or investigated before consuming them. It is not a comprehensive list. In the listing, we have specified ingredients as:

HARAM / AVOID: These are unquestionably haram and are found in large percentages within a product. Examples are lard, which is 100% pork fat, or gin, which is hard liquor (alcoholic beverage). Muslims should not even buy these products.

INVESTIGATE FURTHER: These are used in small quantities and can contain components that mainly come from haram animals, alcohol, or Halal animals slaughtered by non-Muslims. Examples are whey, a dairy product, which is the liquid left after making cheese. The cheese may be made with enzymes from pork, calf, goat or microorganisms. Muslims are required to eat pure (Halal) foods. With the complexity of food manufacturing it is difficult for the Muslim consumer to determine the appropriateness of many food products. We hope this guide will serve as a handy and easy way of verifying the acceptability of food products. For more information, please contact IFANCA or contact the manufacturer of the food product to find the source of the ingredient. Of course, there is no substitute for authentic, certified Halal products.

Animal Shortening
Bacon bits
Hydrolyzed animal protein
Hydrolyzed porcine collagen
Ethyl alcohol
Malt liquor
Wine coolers

INVESTIGATE FURTHER (Some Questionable Ingredients)
Some Questionable Ingredients
Artificial & natural colorings
Artificial & natural flavorings
Calcium stearoyl lactylate
Fatty acids
Glycerol stearate
Gum base
Hydrolyzed bovine collagen
Lactylated fatty acid esters
Magnesium stearate
Mono & Di-glycerides
Potassium stearate
Propylene glycol monostearate
Sodium lauryl sulfate
Sodium stearate
Sorbitan monostearate
Stearic acid
Stearoyl lactylate
E-470a, b
E-472a, b,
c, d, e, f

Concerns About Eating Out

  1. Source of meat and poultry.
  2. Use of haram/questionable ingredients.
  3. Use of common grills/ovens for pork and other products.
  4. Use and presence of alcohol within the establishment.
  5. Contamination by servers/cooks touching haram and Halal foods.
Other info
  • Eggs/pancakes cooked on same grill as bacon.
  • Beef/fish grilled on same grill as pork.
  • Soup containing meat or meat broth.
  • Steaks wrapped with bacon.
Always ask for Halal certified products. LIST OF E-CODES
(numeric codes of food additives)
% Compiled from several sources on the Web by Martin Mares
% For explanation and the main source see

% A acidity regulator or acid
% C colouring
% E emulsifier or something similar
% F flavour enhancer
% G glazing agent
% K anti-caking agent
% O antioxidant
% P preservative
% S sweetener
% T stabilizer
% ! possible allergic reaction
% . secondary sources

E100 C Curcumin
E101 C Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
E101a C Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate
E102 C! Tartrazine
E103 C Chrysoine Resorcinol
E104 C! Quinoline Yellow
E105 C Fast Yellow AB
E106 C Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate
E107 C! Yellow 2G
E110 C! Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S
E111 C Orange GGN
E120 C! Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines
E121 C Orcein, Orchil
E122 C! Carmoisine, Azorubine
E123 C! Amaranth
E124 C! Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A
E125 C Scarlet GN
E126 C Ponceau 6R
E127 C! Erythrosine
E128 C! Red 2G
E129 C! Allura Red AC
E130 C Indanthrene blue RS
E131 C! Patent Blue V
E132 C! Indigo carmine, Indigotine
E133 C! Brilliant Blue FCF
E140 C Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins
E141 C Copper complexes of E140
E142 C! Greens S
E150a C Plain Caramel
E150b C Caustic sulphite caramel
E150c C Ammonia caramel
E150d C Sulphite ammonia caramel
E151 C! Black PN, Brilliant Black BN
E152 C! Black 7984
E153 C Carbon black, Vegetable carbon
E154 C! Brown FK, Kipper Brown
E155 C! Brown HT, Chocolate brown HT
E160a C $\alpha$-carotene, $\beta$-carotene, $\gamma$-carotene
E160b C! Annatto, bixin, norbixin
E160c C Capsanthin, capsorubin, Paprika extract
E160d C Lycopene
E160e C Beta-apo-8'-carotenal
E160f C Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid
E161a C Flavoxanthin
E161b C Lutein
E161c C Cryptoaxanthin
E161d C Rubixanthin
E161e C Violaxanthin
E161f C Rhodoxanthin
E161g C Canthaxanthin
E162 C Beetroot Red, Betanin
E163 C Anthocyanins
E170 C Calcium carbonate
E171 C Titanium dioxide
E172 C Iron oxides and hydroxides
E173 C Aluminium
E174 C Silver
E175 C Gold
E180 C Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK
E181 C Tannin
E200 P Sorbic acid
E201 P Sodium sorbate
E202 P Potassium sorbate
E203 P Calcium sorbate
E210 P! Benzoic acid
E211 P! Sodium benzoate
E212 P! Potassium benzoate
E213 P! Calcium benzoate
E214 P! Ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate
E215 P! Sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate
E216 P! Propyl para-hydroxybenzoate
E217 P! Sodium propyl para-hydroxybenzoate
E218 P! Methyl para-hydroxybenzoate
E219 P! Sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate
E220 P! Sulphur dioxide
E221 P! Sodium sulphite
E222 P! Sodium hydrogen sulphite
E223 P! Sodium metabisulphite
E224 P! Potassium metabisulphite
E225 P! Sodium sulphite
E226 P! Calcium sulphite
E227 P! Calcium hydrogen sulphite
E228 P! Potassium hydrogen sulphite
E230 P Biphenyl, diphenyl
E231 P Orthophenyl phenol
E232 P Sodium orthophenyl phenol
E233 P Thiabendazole
E234 P Nisin
E235 P Natamycin, Pimaracin
E236 P Formic acid
E237 P Sodium formiate
E237 P Sodium formiate
E238 P Calcium formiate
E239 P Hexamethylene tetramine, Hexamine
E240 P Formaldehyde
E242 P Dimethyl dicarbonate
E249 P Potassium nitrite
E250 P Sodium nitrite
E251 P Sodium nitrate, saltpetre
E252 P Potassium nitrate (Saltpetre)
E260 AP Acetic acid
E261 AP Potassium acetate
E262 AP Sodium acetates
E263 AP Calcium acetate
E264 P Ammonium acetate
E270 OP Lactic acid
E280 P Propionic acid
E281 P Sodium propionate
E282 P! Calcium propionate
E283 P Potassium propionate
E284 P Boric acid
E285 P Sodium tetraborate (borax)
E290 A Carbon dioxide
E296 A Malic acid
E297 A Fumaric acid
E300 O Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)
E301 O Sodium ascorbate
E302 O Calcium ascorbate
E303 O Potassium ascorbate
E304 O Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid
E306 O Tocopherol-rich extract (natural)
E307 O $\alpha$-tocopherol (synth)
E308 O $\gamma$-tocopherol (synth)
E309 O $\delta$-tocopherol (synth)
E310 O! Propyl gallate
E311 O! Octyl gallate
E312 O! Dodecyl gallate
E315 O Erythorbic acid
E316 O Sodium erythorbate
E317 O Erythorbin acid
E318 O Sodium erythorbin
E319 O Butylhydroxinon
E320 O Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)
E321 O! Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)
E322 Lecithin
E325 O Sodium lactate
E326 AO Potassium lactate
E327 O Calcium lactate
E328 . Potassium lactate
E329 O Magnesium lactate
E330 O Citric acid
E331 O Sodium citrates
E332 O Potassium citrates
E333 AO Calcium citrates
E334 O Tartaric acid (L(+)-)
E335 O Sodium tartrates
E336 O Potassium tartrates
E337 O Sodium potassium tartrate
E338 O Phosphoric acid
E339 O Sodium phosphates
E340 O Potassium phosphates
E341 Calcium phosphates
E343 Magnesium phosphates
E350 A Sodium malates
E351 A Potassium malate
E352 Calcium malates
E353 E Metatartaric acid
E354 E Calcium tartrate
E355 Adipic acid
E356 Sodium adipate
E357 Potassium adipate
E363 Succinic acid
E365 Sodium fumarate
E366 Potassium fumarate
E367 Calcium fumarate
E370 I,4-Heptonolactone
E375 ! Nicotinic acid, Niacin, Nicotinamide
E380 Triammonium citrate
E381 Ammoniumferrocitrate
E385 Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate
E400 ET Alginic acid
E401 ET Sodium alginate
E402 ET Potassium alginate
E403 ET Ammonium alginate
E404 ET Calcium alginate
E405 ET Propane-1,2-diol alginate
E406 T Agar
E407 ET! Carrageenan
E407a ET Processed eucheuma seaweed
E408 . Furcellaran
E410 ET Locust bean gum (Carob gum)
E412 ET Guar gum
E413 ET! Tragacanth
E414 ET! Acacia gum (gum arabic)
E415 ET Xanthan gum
E416 ET! Karaya gum
E417 ET Tara gum
E418 ET Gellan gum
E420 ES Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup
E421 KS Mannitol
E422 ES Glycerol
E425 E Konjac gum or glucomannane
E430 ET! Polyoxyethylene stearate
E431 E Polyoxyethylene stearate
E432 E Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate
E433 E Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate
E434 E Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate
E435 E Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate
E436 E Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate
E440 E Pectin or amidated pectin
E441 E Gelatine
E442 E Ammonium phosphatides
E444 E Sucrose acetate isobutyrate
E445 E Glycerol esters of wood rosins
E450 E Diphosphates (Na, K, Ca)
E450a E. Disodium dihydrogen diphosphate
E451 E Triphosphates (Na, K)
E452 E Polyphosphates (Na, K, Ca, KCa)
E459 E Beta-cyclodextrine
E460 E Cellulose (microcrystalline or powdered)
E461 E Methyl cellulose
E462 E Ethyl cellulose
E463 E Hydroxy propyl cellulose
E464 E Hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose
E465 E Ethyl methyl cellulose
E466 E Carboxy methyl cellulose, Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose
E468 E Crosslinked Na carboxymethyl cellulose
E469 E Enzymically hydrolysed carboxymethyl cellulose
E470a EK Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids
E470b EK Magnesium salts of fatty acids
E471 E Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472a E Acetic esters of glycerides of fatty acids
E472b E Lactic esters of glycerides of fatty acids
E472c E Citric esters of glycerides of fatty acids
E472d E Tartaric esters of glycerides of fatty acids
E472e E Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of glycerides of fatty acids
E472f E Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of glycerides of fatty acids
E473 E Sucrose esters of fatty acids
E474 E Sucroglycerides
E475 E Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
E476 E Polyglycerol polyricinoleate
E477 E Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids
E478 E Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propane-1
E479b E Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E481 E Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E482 E Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E483 E Stearyl tartrate
E491 E Sorbitan monostearate
E492 E Sorbitan tristearate
E493 E Sorbitan monolaurate
E494 E Sorbitan monooleate
E495 E Sorbitan monopalmitate
E500 Sodium carbonates
E501 A Potassium carbonates
E503 A Ammonium carbonates
E504 AK Magnesium carbonates
E507 A Hydrochloric acid
E508 A Potassium chloride
E509 A Calcium chloride
E510 A Ammonium chloride, ammonia solution
E511 A Magnesium chloride
E512 A Stannous chloride
E513 A Sulphuric acid
E514 A Sodium sulphates
E515 A Potassium sulphates
E516 AE Calcium sulphate
E517 A Ammonium sulphate
E518 A Magnesium sulphate, Epsom salts
E519 A Copper sulphate
E520 A Aluminium sulphate
E521 A Aluminium sodium sulphate
E522 A Aluminium potassium sulphate
E523 A Aluminium ammonium sulphate
E524 A Sodium hydroxide
E525 A Potassium hydroxide
E526 AE Calcium hydroxide
E527 A Ammonium hydroxide
E528 A Magnesium hydroxide
E529 A Calcium oxide
E530 A Magnesium oxide
E535 AK Sodium ferrocyanide
E536 A Potassium ferrocyanide
E538 A Calcium ferrocyanide
E540 AE Dicalcium diphosphate
E541 E Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidic
E542 K Bone phosphate
E543 Calcium sodium polyphosphate
E544 E Calcium polyphosphate
E545 E Aluminium polyphosphate
E550 Sodium silicate
E551 EK Silicon dioxide (Silica)
E552 K Calcium silicate
E553a K Magnesium silicates
E553b K! Talc
E554 K Sodium aluminium silicate
E555 K Potassium aluminium silicate
E556 K Calcium aluminium silicate
E558 K Bentonite
E559 K Aluminium silicate (Kaolin)
E570 K Stearic acid (Fatty acid)
E572 EK Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate
E574 A Gluconic acid
E575 AE Glucono-delta-lactone
E576 E Sodium gluconate
E577 E Potassium gluconate
E578 E Calcium gluconate
E579 C Ferrous gluconate
E585 C Ferrous lactate
E620 F Glutamic acid
E621 F Monosodium glutamate
E622 F Monopotassium glutamate
E623 F Calcium diglutamate
E624 F Monoammonium glutamate
E625 F Magnesium diglutamate
E626 F Guanylic acid
E627 F Disodium guanylate, sodium guanylate
E628 F Dipotassium guanylate
E629 F Calcium guanylate
E630 F Inosinic acid
E631 F Disodium inosinate
E632 F Dipotassium inosinate
E633 F Calcium inosinate
E634 F Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides
E635 F Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides
E636 F Maltol
E637 F Ethyl maltol
E640 F Glycine and its sodium salt
E900 K Dimethyl polysiloxane
E901 G! Beeswax, white and yellow
E902 G Candelilla wax
E903 G Carnauba wax
E904 G Shellac
E905 G Microcrystalline wax
E907 G Crystalline wax
E910 L-cysteine
E912 Montanic acid esters
E913 Lanolin, sheep wool grease
E914 Oxidized polyethylene wax
E915 Ester of Kollophoniums
E920 L-cysteine hydrochloride
E921 L-cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate
E924 Potassium bromate
E925 P Chlorine
E926 P Chlorine dioxide
E927b Carbamide
E928 Benzole peroxide
E938 Argon
E939 Helium
E941 Nitrogen
E942 Nitrous oxide
E948 Oxygen
E950 S Acesulfame K
E951 S Aspartame
E952 S Cyclamic acid and its Na and Ca salts
E953 S Isomalt
E954 S Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts
E957 SF Thaumatin
E959 S Neohesperidine DC
E965 ST Maltitol (maybe syrup)
E966 S Lactitol
E967 S Xylitol
E999 Quillaia extract
E1100 . Amylases
E1101 . Proteases
E1102 . Glucose oxidases
E1103 Invertase
E1105 P Lysozyme
E1200 ET Polydextrose
E1201 ET Polyvinylpyrrolidone
E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
E1400 Dextrin
E1401 Modified starch
E1402 Alkaline modified starch
E1403 Bleached starch
E1404 Oxidized starch
E1410 Monostarch phosphate
E1412 Distarch phosphate
E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate
E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate
E1420 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate
E1421 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate
E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate
E1430 Distarch glycerine
E1440 Hydroxy propyl starch
E1441 Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerine
E1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate
E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate
E1451 Acetylated oxidised starch
E1505 Triethyl citrate
E1510 Ethanon
E1517 Glyceryl triacetate
E1518 Glyceryl triacetate
E1520 Propylene glycol



From: Nora Lie (
Sent: Wed 6/29/05 1:58 PM
Dear Customer,
Thank you for your recent enquiry below which we received in the web recently: .
Enquiry: "please let me know your chicken are slaurted in islmic way in hongkong and china my emial"
We would like to advise you that we do not slaughter chicken according to Muslim tradition and we are sorry for the inconvenience caused by this.
Should you have further questions, please feel free to send us an e-mail or call our Customer Service Hotline at 2745-2903.
Thanks and regards,
Customer Service Department


Message from McDonald's Corp.‏
Sent: Sun 6/19/05 9:17 AM

Hello Mohammed:

Thank you for taking the time to contact McDonald's to share your opinions with us regarding the issue of chickens used for food.

First, we want you to know that at McDonald's we care about the welfare of animals. We recognize that our responsibility as a purchaser of food includes working with our suppliers to ensure good animal handling practices, and we are very proud of our ongoing leadership in this area. In fact, we have taken the industry lead in working with suppliers and experts to implement animal welfare quality programs. You can be assured that we will remain committed to this effort.

We appreciate the opportunity to direct you to an area within our web site that contains more information regarding this issue. If you visit our web site, you will find more information about our relationships with our suppliers, our animal welfare programs, and our work with experts in the field of livestock handling and behavior.

Again, thank you for taking the time to contact us regarding this important issue.


McDonald's Customer Satisfaction Department


  1. Thank you for the info. It sounds pretty user friendly. I guess I’ll pick one up for fun. thank u.

    German to Tamil Translation

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