Tuesday, May 26, 2009

PROPHET MUHAMMAD's(pbuh) LAST SPEECH SERMON AND 9 Things You Didn’t Know About The Prophet’s Masjid Posted by: Muhammad Wajid Akhter

Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) Last Sermon
Date delivered: 632 A.C., 9th day of
Dhul al Hijjah, 10 A.H. in the
'Uranah valley of Mount Arafat.

After praising, and thanking God, he said: "O People, listen well to my words, for I do not know whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Treat others justly so that no one would be unjust to you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that HE will indeed reckon your deeds. God has forbidden you to take usury (riba), therefore all riba obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital , however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer inequity. God has judged that there shall be no riba and that all the riba due to `Abbas ibn `Abd al Muttalib shall henceforth be waived.
Every right arising out of homicide in pre-Islamic days is henceforth waived and the first such right that I waive is that arising from the murder of Rabi`ah ibn al Harith ibn `Abd al Muttalib.
O Men, the Unbelievers indulge in tampering with the calendar in order to make permissible that which God forbade, and to forbid that which God has made permissible. With God the months are twelve in number. Four of them are sacred, three of these are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumada and Sha`ban. Beware of the devil, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights over your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under God's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Treat your women well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers. It is your right and they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste...
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship God (The One Creator of the Universe), perform your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your financial obligation (zakah) of your wealth. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before God (The Creator) and you will answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, NO PROPHET OR MESSENGER WILL COME AFTER ME AND NO NEW FAITH WILL BE BORN. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I am leaving you with the Book of God (the QUR'AN*) and my SUNNAH (the life style and the behavioral mode of the Prophet), if you follow them you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness O God, that I have conveyed your message to your people.
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9 Things You Didn’t Know About The Prophet’s Mosque

9 Things You Didn’t Know About The Prophet’s Madina Masjid

Posted by: Muhammad Wajid Akhter  
Seeing a scene of impeccable beauty, we often hear the term “Heaven on Earth!” But there is only one place that literally has the right to proclaim itself heaven on Earth. There, deep in the mosque of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) (masjid Nabawi), covered by green carpets and the tears of millions, lies a “garden from the gardens of paradise.” It is a place known to every Muslim who has ever lived, yet there's still much we don't know about it. Here are just some of the interesting facts and mysteries of the Prophet's ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) Mosque:
9. The first place in the Arabian Peninsula to have electricity
When the Ottomans introduced electricity to the Arabian Peninsula, the first place to be lit up was the mosque of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him). By some accounts, it would be a few more years before the Sultan himself had full electricity in his own palace in Istanbul.

first place to get electricity in arabia
8. The current mosque is larger than the old city
The current mosque is more than 100 times the size of the original building. This means that the current mosque covers almost the entire area of the old city itself. This is evident from the fact that whereas Jannat Al-Baqi cemetery was on the outskirts of the city during the time of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), it now borders the precincts of the current mosque grounds.

current mosque is larger than the entire city
7. There's an empty grave in the Prophet's ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) room
It has long been the stuff of legend that there is an “empty grave” next to where the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), Abu Bakr raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) and Umar raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) are buried. This was confirmed, however, when the individuals who went in to change the coverings in the hujrah in the 1970s noted the presence of an empty space. Whether or not it is meant for Isa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) when he returns is a matter of debate.
 
6. It was destroyed by fire
The majority of the old mosque, including the original mimbar of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), was destroyed in a fire that swept through the mosque centuries after the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) died. The fire was so extensive that the roof and even some of the walls of the room of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) collapsed, revealing his resting place for the first time in 600 years.
 
5. There was no dome before, now there are two!
For more than 650 years after the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) passed away, there was no dome over his ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) grave. The first one was built in 1279 by a Mamluk sultan and was made of wood. The green dome that we see today is actually the outer dome over the room of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him). There is an inner dome that is much smaller and has the name of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), Abu Bakr raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) and Umar raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) inscribed on the inside.
 
4. The dome used to be purple!
Yup – purple. It turns out that the dome has been through various colors and renovations before it reached its current form and colour about 150 years ago. At one point it used to be white and for the longest period it was a purple-blue colour that the Arabs of Hijaz were particularly fond of.

Purple Dome
3. It has 3 mihrabs
Most mosques only have one mihrab, but the Prophet's ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) mosque has three. The current mihrab is the one used nowadays for the imām to lead prayers. The next mihrab is set back and is called the Suleymaniye or Ahnaf mihrab. It was made on the orders of the Sultan Suleyman the magnificent for the Hanafi imām to lead prayers whilst the Maliki imām lead prayers from the Prophetic mihrab. The Prophetic mihrab completely covers the area that the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) used to lead prayers from except where he placed his feet.
 
2. What lies in the room of Fatima raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her)?
Items belonging to the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) were housed in his room or the room of Fatima raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) which was incorporated into his room after a major expansion. When Madīnah was under siege during World War I, the Ottoman commander had many priceless artifacts evacuated to Istanbul, hidden in the clothes of women and children. They can now be seen in the Topkapi Palace. However, intriguingly, some items still remain but are undocumented.
 
1. It is FULL of secret signs
Yes, the mosque of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) is covered with so many subtle signs and secrets that it makes the DaVinci Code look like a cheap puzzle for pre-schoolers. Each pillar, each dome, each window carries a story and indicates the location of events that carry historical and spiritual significance. The people who constructed the Prophet's Mosque realized that it would be impossible to put up signs everywhere as it would distract from the main purpose of prayers. Therefore, they came up with an ingenious way of indicating a location of importance through minor changes in the design of surrounding objects. What are the secrets? Well, that is a story for another day inshā'Allāh.

secret signs in the mosque
The mosque of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) was never just a mosque. It was the center of the first Islamic community and nation. It was the scene of our greatest triumphs and tragedies. It was a community center, homeless refuge, university and mosque all rolled into one.
Like the Muslim community, it has grown over the years and become more modern with each passing generation. But despite the exponential growth and changes from the simple Hijazi date palm trunk interior to the marble and gold clad structure we have today – the inner core remains the same. Perhaps there's a lesson in there for us all.

 

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